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09 Oct

Play Small, But Smart

Sunjanya Acharya

Winner of the NESAJ Essay competition 2008 in English Language category

For the first time, in Nepali politics the King has no role. However, it is confronting socio-economic problems as usual. Though they are part of the cause, Nepali people just blame their government for present turmoil. Yet, it is a time to resolve problems that seems insurmountable. The task asks for the people’s hand - not least those living abroad. Due to an erroneous assumption that individuals living abroad cannot lend a helping hand, people stop and stare helplessly at on-going problems. At one angle of vision, living abroad could be an unanticipated advantage.

Though critics claim Nepal to be immature for democracy, it is already advancing a path no human feet had walked. Yet, the country is full of social and economic problems. Thus, it would require practical and praiseworthy resolutions; no more solutions vague as a dream.

Historically, we try to solve certain problem through revolution. And that is wrong. Revolution may solve big problems, but creates many small ones. During the French Revolution, main goal of abolition of monarchy succeeded. But many new small problems, such a reign of terror began to emerge. And should there be revolution every time to solve those small problems? On the other hand, more peaceful and plausible measures are available. By not solving the whole issue, in a radical manner, we should concentrate more on what seems peripheral. As a result, through evolutionary process, the whole turmoil would be fully fixed. It is better to have perfectly normal condition over long time, rather than half-normal instantly.

New government had decided to leave behind more than two centuries old tradition. Now in its fresh stage, the government is working to lay a solid foundation of the state. History has taught us that the process itself would ask for large-scale public support.

Japanese, for example, simply ate out of government’s hand for decades after the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Though, they established a democratic institution, people - for the most part - did not question any official decisions. In the back of every citizen’s mind, there was a huge hope. Infidelity of the populace later led to the rapid development.

The status quo of Nepal would not even provide for laying the foundation, let alone develop a nation. In order to succeed in democracy, there must be a condition that allows it. Democracy succeeded in Japan and other east Asian Nation, after they had a sufficient condition. Similarly, only remedy the Nepal has left is to make such an environment in which the democracy succeeds. Firstly, our poor education quality must be improved. Secondly, Nepali economy must be strengthened. The government may be new, but the problems are the same ones.

Today, significant number of Nepali citizens are studying or living abroad. They do not need to think of revolutionary ideas to cast a good image on Nepal. Their small contribution would help the nation to a great extent. It is from their benevolence that the country progresses.

Nepali government is not in the least paying attention to the quality of education. Moreover, it simply treats education as an industry along tourism, textile, etc. And due to its “laissez-faire” nature, quality of education is at its worst. More and more private schools are opening up, like factories in the industrial revolution. Thus, these institutions, without a glimpse of professional-ism, produce the future foundation of Nepal.

Japanese, before enacting some social and economic reforms, enacted educational reform. They believed that education of the children was the future of Japan and a solution to every socio-economic problem. Thus, the government had spent most of its energy educating people across Japan after the Meiji Revolution in 1868. Though the government was in red due to several reasons - including the education reform - it paid off real well after decades.

Living and studying abroad give us a wide spectrum of what “good” education is all about. Many members of OECD nations have NGOs experienced in educational provisions: financial backups and educational training. Fortunately, people living in such countries have better access to those foundations than people from Nepal. On the other side, Nepali parents sending their child to, say, a Japanese school could compare the education they got in Nepal, and the education their child is getting. They could form their own idea on how to improve quality of schooling in Nepal.

There are currently many individuals or organizations working on similar issue in Nepal. However, the scale is very small. It is helping some schools, but not the system. To solve at a bigger picture, one must play this at a national level. With organizations like NESAJ, or other prominent Nepali organization - which has some political influence in Nepal - cooperating, it would be possible to do so. Thus, it would bring changes at an unprecedented level.

Firstly, the notion of “good teacher leads to better education” should be enforced. Currently, in Nepal those who fail to become an engineer or doctors become a teacher. Schools cannot attract the best quality for teaching. The solution is simple: give teachers a raise in salary. The government could heavily subsidies schools that hire the best minds with an eye for improvement. Still, the best minds cannot necessarily be apt to teach, say, the fifth grade. Fifth grade students learn an elementary physics; but how could you ask them to understand the college level explanation that their teacher gives? A revolution would not change this. Teachers must make a progress over time, eradicating all the problems in their approach. To make this happen, on top of recruiting best minds, the government must license the teachers who pass the educational training. Here comes the important role for people living abroad: supply information. It is because, we - the people living abroad - do have a picture of what the good

education system is like. Moreover, University students might have some access to certain committee that promotes the educational development in the third world regions. Many alternatives are available to promote the educational improvements in Nepal through the cooperation of us.

Instability in the nation for past decade might have hurt the economy; however, it certainly needs to improve. Nepalese living abroad have done a great deal to boost Nepali economy. They may not realize, but sending hard currencies to Nepal has been a big help. It has become one of the major sources of income.

On the other hand, another major source of income for Nepal is tourism. However, due to a civil war, never has been the image of Nepal in foreign countries so low. If this trend continues, then our only hope will be in the red. Similar effect was on Thailand after the tsunami strike in 2004. What ensued was the decrease in visitors to places like Phuket. However, through collaboration of Thais world wide, visitors are increasing today. Why the same thing not possible with Nepalese? The fact is, there were no casualties in the civil war. Thus, it is not hard to gain back our image as a friendly nation. With collaboration with Embassies around the world, foreigners would be swayed to visit Nepal.

For next several years, our economy would and should rely on tourism, and the money sent in from abroad. As time passes by, our economy would be much healthier. And point in time would come, when the government needs to intervene in the economy. It is when Nepal would take an important step in economic growth: investing in new industries, massive development of infrastructures, etc. When this time comes, our inexperienced government may have hard time. We should supply our government with information. Living abroad would give us knowledge that is not in textbook.

Through out the history of every nation, knowledge from abroad had played an integral part in its development. And sometimes that was very costly. Japanese, for example, had to send scholars abroad to learn about something their nation was planning to do. They bought many technologies from foreign nations. They had a very hard time accessing the information. Japanese spent millions to gain information. When Taiwan and Korea was about to take a first step on their development, they also had to send their students to Japan to study. Nepal has a different case. Nepal already has thousands of scholars pursuing higher studies in variety of fields. If the Nepali government wants knew knowledge, they do not have to send students abroad. Instead, they could make a best use of them. People do not have to go back to Nepal to help. As repeatedly said, small help would have exponential result.

What Nepal now needs is not the multi-million dollar World Bank project. We do not need huge foreign bulldozer building a road for us. We, the people living abroad do not have to have massive collaboration with the government to solve all the social turmoil. We just have to make small reforms happen, which could lead Nepal toward a promising future. In spite of living in foreign land, Nepalese live with a patriotic fervor of devotion. Now, the time is to prove that fidelity

02 Oct

Foreign nationals can reside in Japan after obtaining a status of residence or visa. (There are 27 kinds of status of residence or visa, all in all.) Foreign nationals who obtained a status of residence can also engage in activities set forth in for each kind of status of residence accordingly. Therefore, if you want to work, you need to change your current status of residence from "Student" to "Engineer" or "Specialist in Humanities/International Services ", or any other status of residence that is eligible to work.

Immigration Procedures for Change of Status of Visa:

As a general rule, when applying for change of status of visa from [Student] to a working visa, the foreign applicant is required to visit the Regional Immigration Bureau or its branch office and carry out the application procedures by himself or herself. At that time, it is necessary to bring the following documents.

1.Required Documents

Immigration Procedures for Change of Status of Visa:

(a)Personal Documents

・Passport ( or travel documents) or Resident Card.

It is important that your passport validity has not expired. The same applies to your alien registration card if you presented it, instead of a resident card.

・Permission to Change Status of Residence Application

The application forms are different and depend upon the status of residence. Use the form corresponding with the activity involved such as below N(「Researcher」・「Engineer」・「Specialist in Humanities/International Services」・「Skilled labor」・「Designated Activities(イ・ロ)」)、M(「Investor・Business Manager」)、I(「Missionary」・「Professor」)、U(Others). The application form can be obtained from the immigration or can be downloaded from the Ministry of Justice website as follows: http://www.moj.go.jp/tetsuduki_shutsunyukoku.html You can also use a copy of the form.

An identification (ID photograph is required so attached a 3cm x 4cm size ID photo on the application.

・Reason for Application

Even though it is not something that you should submit without fail, writing and explaining the reasons leading to your search for a job and the relevance of the field you majored when you enrolled in the university to the job role and description becomes a reference for job screening. There is no particular writing format decided for this.

(b)Documents from the Company

・Corporate Certificate of Registration

Obtain corporate certificate of registration from the employer company. One that is issued within 3 months prior to application is required.

・Copy of Employment Contract

This is a written agreement between the applicant and the company. A copy of appointment letter or notice of employment is also acceptable. The employment term and conditions should include items concerning employment period, work place, work details, work hours, salary and remuneration, benefits, retirement.

・Copy of the Financial Statement of the Hiring Company

The yearly financial statement is release once after the fiscal year. It is a documented profit-and-loss statement and balance sheet at the time of settlement of accounts of the company. Please obtain a copy of the most recent fiscal year. However, if the company has just been established, there is no documented financial statement yet so obtain a copy of the company business plan for the following year, instead.

・Copy of record of withholding slips of the employee's year's salary

This is a document submitted by the employing company to the tax office. A copy can be submitted but make sure it has the stamp of receipt by the tax office. In case the company is newly established, you can submit either a copy of written notice of open account with a payroll office or a copy income tax levy amount calculation for the most recent 3 month salary or retirement income. ・Company Profile

Submit a company brochure or pamphlet if available or a printed out copy of the company profile from the company homepage. One that includes the company name, address , contact telephone numbers, company history, capital, board of directors, organization, number of Japanese and foreigner employees, annual revenue, trade or business, ( major achievements with clients and partners ) and the like is desired.

・Statement of Reasons for Employment

Even though it is not something that you should submit without fail, writing and explaining the reasons leading to your search for a job and the relevance of the field you majored when you enrolled in the university to the job role and contents becomes a reference for job screening. There is no particular writing format decided for this.

Other than these, depending on individual circumstances, there are cases wherein you will be exempted from submitting the "corporate certificate of registration" , "financial statement" ,"record of tax withholding slips", "company profile" and there may be a case wherein you may be asked to submit "any other reference materials"

(c)Documents from the University・School ・Diploma or Certificate of Graduation (or Graduation Letter)

This is a certificate issued by the university where you graduated from. The original copy is always required. For vocational school students, you have to obtain a certificate of qualification. If you cannot obtain your diploma of certificate of graduation immediately from the school on time for application, submit a graduation letter, instead. When the diploma is released, you will need to submit this as additional. As for the period of application, new graduates from universities can be hired from April and therefore you can apply for a job 3 months before, that is, from January. For submittals written in a foreign language, you are required to attach the corresponding Japanese translations. Also, note that the documents that you will submit to the Immigration Office will not be returned so if you want the original copy returned to you, you must submit a certified copy or a transcript stating that the transcript is consistent with the original copy during the application. For the above case, please do not forget that you have to produce both the original and the certified copy or transcript.

2.Immigration Control:

Immigration control first checks the conditions and circumstances of your stay and activities in Japan whether they corresponds to your residence as [Engineer], [Specialties in Humanities and International Service] and others. Here are some points that will be examined.

Whether the applicant's education (major course, research description, etc.) and other backgrounds correspond to the technical skills and knowledge he possessed.

Whether the technical skills and knowledge possessed by the applicant can be utilized on the perspective of the job description.

Whether the applicant is treated and remunerated appropriately, and whether stability and continuity is expected from the company's scale and performance.

Furthermore, whether the opportunity to perform his job function actually exists.

The results of the review will not be released at the time of application and you will be notified by post mail at a later date.

3.Working Visa:

After clearing the above screening, the status of residence visa required for employment will be granted. Based from the provisions for fees related to immigration laws, payment of 4000 yen is required when you change the status of residence. (The payment is made by buying a 4000 yen revenue stamp and attaching it to the statement of payment form)

Source - Japan Study Support

25 Sep

Content of Examination:

In most entrance examinations of junior colleges, undergraduate courses, graduate schools, and vocational schools, special entrance examinations are held for foreign students. The evaluated selection criteria are as follows:

1.Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU)

2.Japanese-Language Proficiency Test

3.English Examination

1. Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU:

98% of national universities require applicants to take the EJU, while 61% of public universities require applicants to do so. Even 52% private universities require the results of the EJU. If you do not take the EJU, your range of universities you can choose from will be narrow. Therefore, it is in your best interests to try to take this test.

The EJU will be held twice a year, in June and in December, both in Japan and in some countries located in Asia.

EJU subjects and fees:

According to the requirements of the university they want to enter and the course of study they want to pursue, examinees select from the subject tests showed below.

1. Japanese as a foreign language: 125 minutes, score range of 0-450

2. Science (2 of the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology):80 minutes, score range of 0-200, or Japan and the World: 80 minutes, score range of 0-200

3. Mathematics Course 1 for liberal arts faculties or Course 2 for faculties where a higher level of mathematics is required: 80 minutes, score range of 0-200

The examination fees of the EJU are as follows, but this may change without notice. In the case of taking the EJU in Japan, examination fee for one subject is 6,130 yen while taking two or three subjects costs 12,260 yen.These fees include sales tax, but do not include postage costs.

Designated subjects of the EJU:

Generally speaking, applicants applying for liberal arts faculties must take Japanese as a foreign language, Japan and the world, and Mathematics course 1. Similarly, applicants applying for science faculties must take Japanese as a foreign language, Mathematics course 2 and two subjects from Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. However, there are other combinations, which are described on this web site.

2.Japanese Language Proficiency Test>

Up until 2001, many universities and vocational schools required submission of a Level 1 or 2 score for the Japanese Language Proficiency Test (JLPT). However, from 2002 the Examination for Japanese University Admission for International Students (EJU) has been held, resulting in less schools using the JLPT as an admission examination. Nevertheless, some graduate schools and vocational schools still require submission of JLPT results. The JLPT is held twice a year, in July and in December. Applications are sold in major bookstores across Japan starting in late March for the first (July) exam, and in September for the second (December) exam. The application form costs 500 yen. The application fee is 5,500 yen, with submission deadlines of April 30 for the first exam (in July) and October 1 for the second exam (in December).

3.English Examination:

Some faculties do not require an English examination. There are two kinds of English examinations. The first kind of English examination is that the English examination carried out by universities for their own applicants. The other kind is the university asks applicants to send the result of a standard English examination, such as the following: TOEFL, TOEIC, IELTS, Cambridge ESOL

Source - Japan Study Support

19 Sep

Types of Schools in Japan for International Students.

You can choose to study at a Japanese language school, a vocational school, a junior college, an undergraduate course, a master's course or a doctoral course in Japan.

1.Japanese Language School.日本語学校。जापानी भाषा बिधालय

Japanese language schools are places where you can start learning Japanese from the beginner level. There are courses only for Japanese learning, as well as courses for students to go to higher stage of education, such as at vocational schools, colleges or undergraduate courses. In such preparatory courses, subjects other than Japanese, such as general subjects and science are taught. There are several courses available at each language school, so it is recommended to choose a course which serves your purpose for studying in Japan. A degree will not be awarded upon completion of a language school program. However, the certification of completion of the language school or Japanese language proficiency test results for the N1 or N2 levels will be helpful in your future for getting jobs and going on to other schools.

2. Vocational Schools.専門学校。व्यावसायिक विद्यालय

After graduating from senior high school, vocational school will be a good choice to learn the knowledge and techniques related to your future occupation. Completion of 12 years' school education is essential for applying. In most cases, graduation from vocational school is during two years. Classes start in April. 90% of courses in vocational schools grant students a qualification which is called "Senmonshi", which means "specialist". With this Senmonshi qualification, even people who had not completed an undergraduate course in their home country meet the requirements made by the Immigration Bureau for working in Japan. Major fields of vocational schools are: Medical, Industrial, Commercial business, Hygiene, Education, Social Welfare, Fashion, Home economics, Agriculture and Japanese Language.

3. Junior Colleges.短期大学。२ अथवा ३ बर्षे विश्वविघालय

The purpose of junior colleges is to conduct in-depth learning and research in specialized disciplines and to develop the abilities necessary for employment and daily life. The term of study is two or three years (In the field of Medical Techniques and Nursing, it takes three years to graduate) and graduates are awarded an associate degree. With the associate degree, even people who had not completed an undergraduate course meet the requirement made by the Immigration Bureau for working in Japan.

4. Undergraduate Courses. 大学生。ब्याचलर लेभल

The purpose of universities, as centers of advanced learning, is to provide students with wide-ranging knowledge and to provide in-depth teaching and research in specialized academic disciplines. The term of study is four years (six years for medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine). Graduates are awarded a bachelor's degree. With a bachelor's degree, the requirement made by Immigration Bureau for working in Japan has also been fulfilled.

Traditionally, departments of Humanities, Education, Law, Economics, Engineering, Science, Medical, Agriculture, and Art have been established in Japanese universities. Sociology and Business departments are also traditionally available. On the other hand, departments with a name including the terms "international", "environment", "human" or "tourism" represent newly established programs.

5. Graduate Schools. 大学院。मास्टर्स लेभल

A university may also establish a graduate school offering master's courses (two-year standard term of study), doctoral courses (five-year standard term of study, and four years for medicine, dentistry and veterinary medicine), or professional degree courses (two-year standard term of study; however, depending on the field, in some cases courses can take between one to two years, or more than three years). Those who have completed the graduate course are awarded either a master's, doctoral, or professional degree. Please note that there are no master's courses in the departments of medicine, dentistry or veterinary medicine. Only doctoral courses are available, and the shortest period for graduation is four years. Applicants who completed 16 years' education can apply for master's courses while applicants who completed 18 years' education can apply for doctoral courses. In addition, it is recommended for applicants who do not meet these educational requirements to make inquiries as early as possible. This is because the screening process for those applying on the merits of their practical business experience takes a long time.

Foreigners in Japan with a master's degree or doctoral degree can work not only in Japanese companies, but do research work in Japanese universities as instructors or researchers as well.

6. Graduate School Research Students.博士。पि. एच. डी. 

There is an original research student system in Japanese graduate schools separate from master's or doctoral courses. Research students register at a graduate school, participate in lectures, accept instruction from professors and make use of university's facilities. However, these research students cannot receive a degree.

In most of the cases, the admission for research student is screening candidates by examining their academic records and other submitted documents. Furthermore, it is possible for applicants to use Method of Taking an entrance examination outside of Japan, and then obtain permission to come to Japan to study.. By taking an entrance examination outside of Japan, and then obtain permission to come to Japan to study., applicants could come to Japan as research student and learn both Japanese and knowledge of their major field, and then take the entrance examination of the master's or doctoral course. Qualified applicants applying for research student status should have completed an undergraduate course in their home country. Some private universities require that only applicants who have completed a graduate course have the qualification to apply as a research student. The period of a research student course is six months. The period can be extended if permission from an instructor is granted.

Source - Japan Study Support

18 Sep

जापानमा तपाईहरुले बिभिन्न समयमा जापानी भाषामा ईमेल लेख्नुपर्ने हुनसक्छ । जापानी भाषामा ईमेल लेख्दा थाहा पाउनुपर्ने कुराहरु यस प्रकार छ ।

१ . 宛名 (अतेना) - पाउने मान्छे

यस भागमा तल उल्लेखित निम्न कुराहरु लेख्नुपर्छ ।

Abc 株式会社 (खाबुसिकी खाइस्या) - कम्पनीको नाम

代表取締役(दाईह्योउतोरीसिमारीयाकु) - प्रतिनिधि निर्देशक

ラム様(रामुसामा) - प्रतिनिधि निर्देशकको नाम

२.挨拶(आइसाचु) - सम्बोधन

यस भागमा तल उदाहरण अनुसार सम्बोधन गर्नसक्नु हुनेछ ।


お世話になっております(ओसेवा नि नात्ते ओरीमास) - सधै सहयोग गर्दिनु भएकोमा धेरै धेरै धन्यवाद ।

先日は、ありがとうございました。(सेन्जुचुवा आरीगातोउ गोजाईमासिता) - हिजोको लागि धन्यवाद ।

३.名乗り(नानोरी) - आफ्नो बारेमा लेख्नु

यस भागमा आफ्नो कम्पनीको नाम , आफ्नो कम्पनीको पोष्ट अनि आफ्नो नाम लेख्नुहोला ।

जस्तै ....ラムと申します(रामुतोमोउसिमास) - म राम हुँ ।

४.要旨(योउसी) - मुख्य भाग

यस भागमा तपाईले सम्बोधन र आफ्नो बारेमा लेखेपछि ईमेलको मुख्य भाग लेख्न जरुरी छ । ईमेलको मुख्य भागमा तपाईले के को लागि लेखेको हो पाउने मान्छेलाई प्रष्ट पार्नु जरुरी छ ।


打ち合わせの曰程について、ご相談いたします。(उचीआवसेनोनित्तेईनिचुईते,गोसोउदानईतासिमास) - म बैठक कार्यक्रमको बारेमा छलफल गर्न चाहन्छु।

先日のお礼を申し上げたく、メ一ルを送りしました(सेन्जिचुनोओरेईवोमोउसीआगेताकु,मेरुओओकुरीसिमासीता) अघिल्लो दिनको लागि कृतज्ञता गर्नको लागि ईमेल पठाएको छु ।

お返事をお待ちしております。(ओहेन्जीवोवोमाचिसितेओरिमास) - तपाईको जवाफ कुर्दैछु ।

५.詳細(सोउसाई) - विवरणहरू

यस भागमा तपाईले ईमेल पाउने मान्छेलाई के अनुरोध गर्न चाहानुहुन्छ त्यस बिषयको विवरण राम्रोसँग लेख्नुपर्नेहुन्छ ।

६.結びの挨拶(मुसुबीनोआईसाचु) - अन्तिममा गरिने सम्बोधन

यस भागमा तपाईले ईमेललाई बन्द गर्न सम्बोधन गर्नुपर्ने हुन्छ ।


今度ともよろしくお願いいたします。(कोन्दोतोमोयोरोसिकुओनेगाइइतासिमास) - तपाईको फेरी एकपटक सहयोगको आशा गरेको छु ।

ご検討の程、よろしくお願いいたします。(गोकेन्तोउनोहोदो,योरोसिकुओनेगाइइतासिमास) - तपाईंको विचारको लागि धन्यबाद।

ご協力いただけますよう,よろしくお願いいたします(गोक्योउर्योकुइतादाकेमासुयोउ,योरोसिकुओनेगाइइतासिमास) - तपाईको सहयोगको आशा राखेको छु ।

७.署名(स्योमेइ) - हस्ताक्षर

अन्त्य भागमा आफ्नो नाम, 会社名(खाइस्यामेइ) - कम्पनीको नाम,,部署名(बुस्योमेइ) - बिभागको नाम,メ一ルアドレス(मेरुअदोरेसु) - इमेल र サイト(साइतो) - कम्पनीको वेबसाइट माथि उदाहारणमा उल्लेखित अनुसार लेखी इमेल पठाउनुहोला ।

About Us

NESAJ (Nepalese Students Association in Japan) is an organization of Nepalese students, academia and intellectuals from all across Japan --from Hokkaido in the north to Okinawa in the south. It was established in the year 1997 with the aim of bringing Nepalese students and Nepalese graduates of Japanese universities living…

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Ever since we were founded in 1997, Nepalese Students Association in Japan (NESAJ ) has been briging Nepalese students and Nepalese graduates of Japanese universities living in Japan to a close contact and has been promote their academic, professional and other mutual interests through a wider, regular and frequent…

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